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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

76                                                    OLD LOCAL KAMI&
'place of assignation.* Thus we may readily fall in with Hinda prejudices,
and admit that many of the names on the map are etymologicaliy connected with
events in Krishna's life, and yet deny that those events have any real connec-
tion with the spot, inasmuch as neither the village nor the local name had any
existence till centuries after the incidents occurred which they are supposed to
commemorate.
The really old local names are almost all derived from the physical
character of the conn try} which has always been celehrated for its wide extent of
pasture land and many herds of cattle. Thus Gokul means originally a herd of
kino ; Grobardhan- a rearer of kine ; Mat is so called from mdt, a milk-pail ; and
Dadhiganw (contracted Into Dah-ganw) in the Kosi pargana, from dadhi, 'curds.'
Thus, too, s Braj* in the first instance means (a herd/ from the root vraj, i to
go,' in allusion to the constant moves of nomadic tribes. And hence it arises
that in the earliest authorities for Krishna's adventures, both Vraja and Gokula
are used to denote, not the definite localities now bearing those names, but any
chance spot temporarily used for stalling cattle ; inattention to this archaism
has led to muck confusion in assigning sites to the various legends. The word
* Mathora' also is probably connected with the Sanskrit root math, Ho churn ;*
* The temple dedicated to Eadha Kaman, which was built by Bup Ram, of Barsana, is in
precisely the same style as the one at Nand-ganw, though on rather a smaller scale.   The exterior
has an imposing appearance, and is visible from a considerable distance, but there is nothing
worth seeing inside, the workmanship being of & clumsy description, and the whole of the clois-
tered cwirt-yard crowded with the meanest hovels. There is, however, a pretty view from the top
of the vails.   The original shrine, which Rup Kara restored, is ascribed to Todar Mall, Akbar's
famous minister.    The little tempte of Bihari (otherwise called Sija Mahal),   built  by a
Bijaof Bardwaa,seems to be accounted much more sacred.   It stands in a, walled garden,all
oTergrown with kins jungle, ia which is a high Jhtild with several baithaks and other holy spots
maiked by inscribed commemorative tablets set up by one of Siadhia's Generals (as at Paitha and
ether places in the neighbourhood) in sambat 1885.   It ia here, oa the occasion of any jdtra that
tht spectacle* of Krishna*! marriage is represented as a scene in the ESs Lila.   The Krishna-kund
is a large sheet of water, fifty yards square, with masonry steps on one of its aides.   In the
Tillage are three large and handsome dwel!Ing-house®, built in the reign of Suraj Mall, by one of
Mi officiakj Jauhari Mall of Fatihabad, and §aid to have been reduced to their present ruinous
condition by the succeeding occupant of the Bharat-pur throne, the BAja Jawahir Siuh.   The
YihTak-tettd is & few hundred yards from the village on the road to Karahla.   It is of stone, and
hat on Its margin »temple of Devi, built bj a Maharaja of G waller*   The Doman-ban is within
the boondviea of Nand-gamr* hat is sboat the same distance from that town as it is from Bi jwari
md Sonfcefc.   It to a very pretty spot, of the same character as Pialya, and of considerable extent -
the MOB® being tiway® explained to mean ' the double wood/ as if a corruption of tto van.   At
etttef extremity is a large pond embosomed in the trees, the one called Puraa-masi, * the full
moon/ the other B undid jliaadkl, 'jingle jingle/   A lew fields beyond IB the Kamai-pur grove.